Migrating and Managing Multiple WordPress Sites with Amazon Lightsail

  • Hosting WordPress on Amazon Lightsail is a cost-effective way to adopt the cloud and
    benefit from the security and scale of AWS.
    Seahorse, a trusted AWS Partner, provides a simple seamless solution for migrating a
    WordPress site from an existing hosting provider (or localhost) to Amazon Lightsail. In
    addition, Seahorse provides a Management Console within WordPress to give users the
    ability to manage their AWS services. For users who operate at scale, a remote API
    The management console is provided.
    Seahorse offers 2 distinct models, a managed solution where users migrate their site to the
    Seahorse/AWS environment where the underlying infrastructure is managed & self-managed
    where users migrate and manage within their own AWS account. This tutorial concentrates
    on the Self-managed model.
    * If you wish to run a trial clone to the Seahorse/AWS environment, please Click Here to navigate
    to the dedicated trial tutorial.
    Learning Objectives
    ● Learn how to install and operate Seahorse’s software on a WordPress website
    ● Understand the process involved in migrating a WordPress website to Amazon Lightsail
    ● Generate and install IAM keys to operate the Seahorse software from within a
    WordPress site
About this Tutorial
Time 10-20 minutes      
Cost Free
Use Case Compute
Products Amazon Lightsail
Level 100
Last Updated November 30, 2020

Step 2: Sign in to the administration dashboard of your WordPress website

Complete the following steps to sign in to the administration dashboard of your WordPress website.

If you are already signed-in, skip to step: Install Plugin.

2.1 — In a browser, navigate to your site: http://example.com/wp-login.php

(replace example.com with the URL of your WordPress website). 

 

2.2 — Log into your instance.

  • In the Username or Email Address box, enter the relevant Administrator Username or Email.
  • Password box, enter the default Administrator Password.
  • Log In.

Step 3: Install the WP on AWS Plugin to your WordPress Site

Now you have logged-in to your WordPress Administration Dashboard, the required plugin can be installed.

3.1 — Download the Plugin zip file and upload it manually to your site. (Download WP on AWS Plugin here).

  • Navigate to Plugin tab on the admintrator sidebar menu
  • Select Add New
  • Select Upload Plugin
  • Select the downloaded zip file
  • Click Install Now
When the installation process is complete, click Activate to activate the plugin. 

3.2 —  Install via the WordPress Plugin Repository Search

 

  • Navigate to the Plugin tab on the admintrator sidebar menu
  • Select Add New
  • Type “wp migrate 2 aws” into the Search Plugins box
  • Scroll to the Correct Item
  • Click on Install Now

When the installation process is complete, click on Activate to activate the Plugin.

Step 4: Get a License Key From The Service Provider

A License Key is required to activate the installed Plugin.

4.1 — Contact Seahorse to acquire a licence key or if you do not wish to purchase a licence at this time you can opt to run a trial clone (to the Seahorse/AWS environment) – See Trial Tutorial

Step 5: Validate License

In this step, you will activate the License Key you received.

5.1 — Activate the License key you received from the service provider.
● Navigate to the WP on AWS Plugin interface
● Input the License Key received from the service provider and the corresponding email
address when requesting the license key
● Click on Register License
● Valid License key is then confirmed.

Step 6: Generate IAM keys

Once the License Key is activated, you can validate your AWS IAM keys.

In this step, you will create your own IAM keys for use within WordPress
● Login to your AWS account & navigate to the IAM service
● Click on Users => Add User, add a User name and check Programmatic access
● Click Next:Permissions and select ‘Attach existing policies directly’ => enter
‘PowerUserAccess’ into the filter and select the resulting selection. Do the same for
‘AdministratorAccess’ so there are 2 policies selected.
● Click through to Create User and securely store the Keys provided (Access key ID &
Secret access key)
* NB – Seahorse strongly advises the use of these 2 policies temporarily only. To continue using the software after migration please contact Seahorse Support to get issued a policy of least privilege

Step 7: Validate IAM Credentials

Once the License Key is activated, you can validate your AWS keys.

7.1 — Validate your AWS Keys.
Complete the following steps to validate the AWS keys generated in Step 6:
● Go to the WP on AWS Plugin Interface
● Navigate to the AWS Setup section
● Input the IAM Key and the IAM Secret
● Click on Save IAM Credentials

Step 8: Set AWS Region

In this step, you choose the AWS Region for your WordPress website. 

8.1 — Set the AWS Region. This is the Amazon Lightsail Region where your WordPress site will be hosted.
In the WP on AWS Plugin interface complete the following steps:
● Navigate to the AWS Setup section
● Navigate to the Update AWS Region subsection
● Select your preferred AWS Region from the drop-down list
● Click on Update AWS Region

Step 9: Prepare the Website's Database

In this step, you prepare the Database. 

9.1 — Create an automated clone of your website’s database.
In the WP on AWS Plugin interface, complete the following steps:
● Navigate to the Prepare Database Status section
● Click on Prepare Database
● The prepared download will then be confirmed and the database status updates

Step 10: Prepare the Website's File System

In this step, you prepare the website’s file system. 

10.1 — Create an automated clone of your website’s file system. This includes your themes,
plugins, images, etc, and will be used to display your website’s content on AWS.
In the WP on AWS Plugin interface complete the following steps:
● Navigate to the File-System Preparation Status section
● Click on Prepare File System
● The progress is indicated by the Progress bar. Progress duration varies depending on
the size of your file and the server on which it is hosted.
When completed, the file system preparation status will be updated.

Step 11: Clone the Prepared File System

Now that your website has been prepared, a copy can be uploaded to AWS.

11.1 — Upload the clone of your website
This includes your database, themes, plugins and images etc and will be used to create your cloned website on AWS.
In the WP on AWS Plugin interface, complete the following steps:
● Navigate to the Clone to AWS Status section
● Click on Clone to AWS
● When complete, the Clone to AWS status will be updated. Progress duration may vary
depending on the size of your file system and the server on which it is hosted.

Step 12: Launch your website on Lightsail

After a copy of your Website has been cloned to AWS, it can now be launched.

12.1 — Run a Migration to view a clone of your WordPress website in Amazon Lightsail.
In the WP on AWS Plugin interface, complete the following steps:
● Navigate to the Launch a Clone of This Website on AWS section
● Click on Launch AWS
● When complete, the IP address of your cloned website will become available.
Configure security options for your cluster
12.2 — Now that you have your IP address you can view your website.
● Click on the links to view your website
● Click on Download Key to retrieve your SSH Access key.

Step 13: Management Overview Console

In this final step, you will get an overview of the Management Console that is available within your WordPress website on AWS.

13.1 — Once your Website has been launched on AWS Lightsail, a Management Console is
available by clicking the WP Manage AWS tab on the Plugin Menu (on the cloned site)
From this Console, key information about your AWS server is available.
Actions can also be carried-out on your AWS Server from within the Management Console, such
as:
● Reboot
● Change Tier
● Change Region
● Create Snapshot
● Boot from Snapshot
● Add Alarms
Check back here soon for a full tutorial on all the Management Console has to offer.

Congratulations

You migrated your WordPress website to run on Amazon Lightsail using Seahorse!

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